Formaldehyde Testing

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Orlando Formaldehyde Testing


Orlando Formaldehyde Testing

Affordable onsite measurements for your home or office

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Orlando Formaldehyde Testing

Formaldehyde


Formaldehyde is a naturally-occurring organic compound with the formula CH₂O or HCHO. It is the simplest aldehyde and is also known by its systematic name methanal.


Laminate flooring, cabinets, and other manufactured building products manufactured in China have been found to emit large quantities of formaldehyde gas, a potent irritant and known to be human carcinogen. The emission rates substantially exceed those allowed by the State of California’s Air Resource Board, or CARB.


Many homeowners are wondering if their newly installed building products such as cabinets and laminate flooring are emitting high levels of formaldehyde.


First it’s important to know that there are many indoor sources of formaldehyde, including the composite wood products such as laminate flooring, cabinets, particleboard, medium density fiberboard, plywood, as well as permanent press fabrics, paints and coatings, lacquer finishes and paints, glues, and some thermal insulation products.


Orlando Formaldehyde Testing

Indoor Air Quality Solutions, IAQS can help you establish the levels of formaldehyde within your home by measuring the formaldehyde in your home and identifying any possible areas of your home that may exceed the CARB safe levels of formaldehyde emissions.


We use a Formaldemeter to quickly provide onsite results in parts per million, ppm to provide you and your family with on the spot levels of your home formaldehyde.


The Formaldemeter latest from PPM Technology directly measures airborne formaldehyde concentrations as well as ambient temperature and humidity levels. Building on the technology developed in the popular Formaldemeter 400, with the addition of unique compensation techniques, the htV can now accurately measure low levels of formaldehyde — even in humid conditions.


Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products Act

On July 7, 2010, President Obama signed the Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products Act into law. This legislation, which adds a Title VI to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), establishes limits for formaldehyde emissions from composite wood products: hardwood plywood, medium-density fiberboard, and particleboard. The national emission standards in the law mirror standards previously established by the California Air Resources Board for products sold, offered for sale, supplied, used or manufactured for sale in California.


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What are composite wood products?
“Composite wood products” are panels made from pieces, chips, particles, or fibers of wood bonded together with a resin. The California Composite Wood Products Regulation (CWP Regulation) specifically focuses on three products: hardwood plywood (HWPW), particleboard (PB), and medium density fiberboard (MDF). 


The regulation also applies to composite wood products used in finished goods such as cabinets, doors, furniture, flooring products, moldings, toys, mirror and photo frames, audio speakers, base boards, shelving, and countertops. The regulation requires finished goods to be made with HWPW, PB, and MDF that comply with the regulatory requirements and to be labeled as such. 


If you purchase panels or finished goods, you will likely encounter a label on the product(s) that includes phrases such as “California 93120 Compliant for Formaldehyde” or “California Phase 2 Compliant.” Seeing “formaldehyde,” an identified toxic air contaminant, on labels may raise concerns about whether a given product is safe to use or not. Below, we provide answers to commonly asked questions about composite wood products.


Orlando Formaldehyde Testing

What does “California 93120 Compliant for Formaldehyde” or “California Phase 2 Compliant” mean and why is this label showing up on more products?
The label seen on panels and finished goods indicates that the product meets the California Air Resources Board’s (CARB) stringent emission standards for formaldehyde emissions from composite wood products, including HWPW, PB, and MDF. 


The CWP Regulation took effect in 2009, and manufacturers and fabricators of finished goods that use any of these materials are required to use composite wood that meets the formaldehyde emission limits in the CWP Regulation. They are also required to label their products as complying, either on the products or the packaging for the finished goods. Manufacturers typically will label their products as “California 93120 Compliant for Formaldehyde” or “California Phase 2 Compliant,” although other variations may also be used. California’s CWP Regulation is one of the most stringent regulations in effect to limit formaldehyde emissions from composite wood products. 


As of today, the CWP Regulation is only being implemented in California; other states have not adopted similar regulations. However, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is developing a national regulation based on California’s regulation, which is expected to be in effect nationwide by 2014.


Orlando Formaldehyde Test

The finished product I purchased emits a strong, unpleasant odor. Is that odor from the formaldehyde?
While many composite wood materials used in finished goods are made with urea formaldehyde-based resins, other chemicals in varnishes, decorative finishes, paint, etc., used in the assembly of such products may also contribute to the odor. So just because a product smells, it doesn’t mean that it is off-gassing formaldehyde. 


For products that are made with formaldehyde based resins or adhesives, rapid off-gassing of formaldehyde occurs initially when the product is made, and over time the formaldehyde emissions decrease.


Orlando Formaldehyde Flooring

What can I do to alleviate the obnoxious smell and emissions in my home?
Proper ventilation, such as opening up windows, bringing fresh air through a central ventilation system, and running exhaust fans, will expedite formaldehyde off-gassing from finished goods in your home as well as the odors from any finishes such as varnish or lacquer. You may also leave your new product(s) in the garage for a few days to let it off-gas before bringing it inside. 


An increase in temperature and humidity can increase formaldehyde emissions. Keeping the temperature and humidity low, such as by using an air conditioner in hot summer months and using a dehumidifier to draw the moisture out of the air when humid, may help decrease the amount of formaldehyde that off-gasses into the indoor air


Orlando Formaldehyde Testing

OSHA and Formaldehyde
The OSHA Formaldehyde standard (29 CFR 1910.1048) and equivalent regulations in states with OSHA-approved state plans protects workers exposed to formaldehyde and apply to all occupational exposures to formaldehyde from formaldehyde gas, its solutions, and materials that release formaldehyde.


  • The permissible exposure limit (PEL) for formaldehyde in the workplace is 0.75 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (0.75 ppm) measured as an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA).
  • The standard includes a second PEL in the form of a short-term exposure limit (STEL) of 2 ppm which is the maximum exposure allowed during a 15-minute period.
  • The action level – which is the standard’s trigger for increased industrial hygiene monitoring and initiation of worker medical surveillance – is 0.5 ppm when calculated as an 8-hour TWA.


US EPA Sources and Potential Exposure

  • The highest levels of airborne formaldehyde have been detected in indoor air, where it is released from various consumer products such as building materials and home furnishings. One survey reported formaldehyde levels ranging from 0.10 to 3.68 parts per million (ppm) in homes. Higher levels have been found in new manufactured or mobile homes than in older conventional homes. 
  • Formaldehyde has also been detected in ambient air; the average concentrations reported in U.S. urban areas were in the range of 11 to 20 parts per billion (ppb). The major sources appear to be power plants, manufacturing facilities, incinerators, and automobile exhaust emissions. 
  • Smoking is another important source of formaldehyde. 
  • Formaldehyde may also be present in food, either naturally or as a result of contamination. 


Formaldehyde in Flooring